The US has formally notified the United Nations (UN) that it would withdraw from the Paris Agreement.
Paris agreement was adopted in 2015 by 196 countries to act on Climate Change. It aimed to keep the global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre – industry levels in this century and if possible to limit this increase to 1.5 degree Celsius.
Agreement was adopted in 2015 and came into force on 4 November 2016.
President Trump had announced in the summer of 2017 that he intended to withdraw the US from the Agreement as he had pledged during 2016 campaign.
As per the Article 28 of the agreement, a member can begin the withdrawal process only after the agreement comes into force and has been in place for three years.
Trump administration notified Secretary – General of the UN about its withdrawal on 4 November 2019. The withdrawal notice will become effective one year later on November 4, 2020; one day after the next presidential elections.
Though the agreement has procedures with which a member can leave and rejoin the agreement.
Article 21 states that a country can join the agreement by giving a formal notification that will come into effect after 30 days. This applies to a country that is willing to join the agreement for the first time or was a part of it earlier but withdrew later.
Scholar Henrik Selin of Boston University international relations explained how the US withdrawal will affect prospects for avoiding the worst effects of global warming.
The Trump’s administration action will have both political and practical implications. Other major emitters like China and the European Union still support the treaty but absence of US will change the political dynamics.