Too much emphasis on cricket may not be why Indian boys get enough physical activity, whilst the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that domestic work holds girls away from proper exercise.
The report, published in the Child & Adolescent Health of Lancet, found that children aged between 11 to 17 in Bangladesh and India were not adequately active (63%, 72% were insufficiently active in 2016).
For girls, there were the lowest levels of insufficient behavior in Bangladesh and India, and societal factors like higher domestic labor at home for girls may theoretically account for them.
According to the WHO there remain extremely high levels of inadequate physical activity in young people, thereby jeopardizing their present and future health.
“Especially to encourage and maintain the involvement of young girls in physical activities, urgent political action to increase physical activity is now needed,” says Study author Dr. Regina Guthold from the WHO.
The study also found that over 80% of adolescents around the world do not have physical activity, including 85% of girls and 78% of children, which jeopardizes their health by not doing regular exercise.
The researchers estimated for this finding that between 11 and 17 years old individuals did not meet the requirement by analyzing the information gathered from school-based physical activity levels surveys.
This assessment included all physical exercises, such as active time, leisure and sports, active domestic activities, walking, biking, etc., physical training, and planned workouts.
According to data from between 1,6 million and seventeen students, girls were less active than boys in all but four countries (Tonga, Samoa, Afghanistan, and Zambia) in the period 2001-2016 in 146 countries.
The study shows that there is little improvement in physical activity trends for boys, none for girls. This gender gap has expanded from 2001 to 2016 in most study countries (73 percent, 107 of 146).